Common Skincare Ingredients Part II
Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs) and Beta Hydroxy Acids (BHAs)
Both AHAs and BHAs are chemical exfoliants that have different benefits and purposes. Some common AHAs include - Glycolic Acid, Lactic Acid, Citric Acid, and Tartaric Acid. The most commonly used BHA is Salicylic Acid.
AHAs can reduce sun damage, improve smoothness, and work on skin's surface. BHAs target blemishes and bumps, shrink and unclog large pores, and work on skin's surface PLUS inside pores.
Both AHAs and BHAs exfoliate skin's surface, minimize fine lines and wrinkles, and improve firmness and tone of skin.
Niacinamide is a form of Vitamin B-3 that can help reduce appearance of blemishes and congestion of the skin. It reduces inflammation and pore size over time by keeping the skin moisturized and smooth. Niacinamide may also be helpful for acne, especially inflammatory types with papule and pustules.
Routine: Use serum after cleansing, but before moisturizing.
*Pro tip: Do not use at the same time as Vitamin C because it can affect the integrity and effectiveness of the Vitamin C.
Squalene (with an "e") is produced naturally by our own skin cells. The amount of our own production declines with age. Squalane (with an "a") is a a topical hydrogenated form from plants and animals for our skin. The benefits include hydration, antioxidant properties, and collagen boosting.
Routine: Apply after cleansing and before moisturizers and creams.